Soal latihan ini adalah soal untuk berlatih mengerjakan soal bacaan secara umum, jadi tidak hanya berfokus pada TOEFL.
Climate change refers to a long-term shift in global weather patterns, which is primarily caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and agriculture. The scientific consensus is clear that climate change is happening and that it is primarily caused by human activities. The consequences of climate change include rising sea levels, more frequent and intense heatwaves, floods, and droughts, and the extinction of many plant and animal species.
One of the primary causes of climate change is the burning of fossil fuels. When we burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas, we release carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun, causing the Earth’s atmosphere to warm up. This warming effect is known as the greenhouse effect. Over time, the buildup of these gases has led to an increase in global temperatures, which is known as global warming.
The consequences of climate change are already being felt around the world. Rising sea levels are causing coastal erosion and flooding, and the loss of habitat for many species. Extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, heatwaves, and droughts, are becoming more frequent and intense, leading to crop failures and food shortages. The effects of climate change are expected to worsen in the coming years, as greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise.
To combat climate change, it is essential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This can be done through a combination of policies and individual actions. Governments can enact policies to reduce emissions, such as investing in renewable energy and implementing regulations to limit emissions from industry and transportation. Individuals can also take actions to reduce their carbon footprint, such as driving less, eating a plant-based diet, and reducing energy consumption in their homes.
It is important to act quickly to address climate change, as the consequences of inaction are severe. By taking action now, we can help to mitigate the worst effects of climate change and ensure a sustainable future for ourselves and future generations.
In summary, climate change is a serious problem caused primarily by human activities such as burning fossil fuels. It is leading to rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and the extinction of many plant and animal species. To combat climate change, it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through policies and individual actions. The consequences of inaction are severe, and it is essential that we act quickly to address this urgent issue.